An Introduction to Different Breathing Techniques 

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Do you want to learn what different breathing techniques are all about? How to handle life’s stressors and hardships? Then you have come to the right place!

Breathing techniques are one of the most effective tools to handle life’s stressors and hardships better

Done properly and with varied approaches, breathing techniques help to improve nearly all aspects of life. And it all boils down to inhaling and exhaling, in and out in the correct manner.

This is a free, fast, and efficient way to see positive results in both physical and mental health. The following areas can be improved using breathing techniques:


Breathing techniques help to relax and bring ease to the body and mind.  It is a way to release tension from the body and clear the mind.

Stress Relief

The stress of work, family, finances, and other responsibilities have a way of building up over time. Breathing techniques act as a release valve for reducing stress and this buildup of anxiety. Promoting improved mental clarity and a better work-life balance, resulting in relaxation, helping you to relieve stress.

Under stress it is difficult to breathe, however, by using relaxation techniques and focusing on breathing, it is possible to alleviate these difficulties.  

Weight loss

Studies show that weight gain is positively correlated with the buildup of daily stressors in one’s life. The more stress there is, the more likely some people might be to put on excess weight due to heightened cortisol and adrenaline release.

The good news is that once the stress is addressed, it becomes easier to achieve and maintain a healthy, comfortable weight. Normal stress levels will naturally balance the eating patterns as well as levels of physical exercise, whether it’s absent or too prevalent in one’s life. Breathing exercise allows tackling unwanted weight without the need for fad diets or other weight loss gimmicks since it’s an excellent stress management activity.


To round off the list of core benefits, implementing deep breathing exercises have also been shown to help with sleep. Those who have chronic sleep problems such as insomnia have been shown to benefit from slow, profound breathing before bed. Others who may only have occasional trouble sleeping have also seen improvement.

Other benefits include:

  • Lowered blood pressure
  • Better Focus
  • Better Concentration
  • Progressive muscle relaxation and reduced muscle tension
  • Relaxation response
  • Reduced anxiety
  • Increased Heart Rate Variability
  • Better Oxygen absorption throughout the body

Different Breathing Exercises

Profound breathing exercises run the gamut from fast and quick breathing practices to long and complex meditations. There isn’t a “one-size-fits-all” exercise. Likewise, there are no stringent guidelines as far as “how to breathe” day to day.

Rather, proper breathing is something to be constantly focused on and improved upon. It’s a tool that one can harness in a variety of ways to achieve a number of positive outcomes.

Breathing Techniques Summarized

Here is a short summary of what some of the breathing techniques can help with and how to perform them.

  • Square Breathing (AKA Box Breathing): The Square Breathing exercise is a very simple breathing method that follows a “square” framework. Breathe in to the count of four, hold your breath to the count of four, breathe out to the count of four, hold to the count of four, and repeat this breathing pattern.
  • Buteyko Breathing: Breathing exercise developed by a Ukrainian medical professional to help those with respiratory conditions such as asthma.
  • Wim Hof Breathing: Controversial technique developed by Dutch extreme athlete “The Iceman” (Wim Hof) to help individuals achieve an altered state.
  • 4 7 8 Breathing & Variations: Breathing exercise developed by Dr. Andrew Weil. Breath in through your nose to the count of four, hold to the count of seven, exhale slowly to the count of eight. Repeat.
  • Mindful Breathing: Aware breathing that promotes mindful awareness throughout each in and out breath, working towards achieving mindfulness.
  • Paradoxical Breathing: During normal or healthy diaphragmatic breathing, the diaphragm moves downward with each inhale. Paradoxical breathing occurs when the diaphragm (paradoxically) moves in the opposite direction (upward) with each inhale.
  • Diaphragmatic Breathing: Deep breathing exercise that promotes taking deep inhales through abdominal breathing. As opposed to shallow breaths from the upper portion of the lungs. With this technique, the diaphragm pushes downwards with each inhale, as opposed to upwards. Diaphragmatic breathing also activates The Sympathetic Nervous System or the Fight or Flight Response.
  • Yoga Breathing: Coincides with one’s yoga practice. Each breath aligns with a posture and/or movement.
  • Qigong– The practice of mastering the art of breathing, learning how to control your breathing and gain mastery of the rest of your body. Teaches how we breathe affect’s our body response and help unlock a healthier way to cope with the stress of life
  • Alternate Nostril Breathing: Relaxing technique that dictates breathing in through right nostril only, then out through the left nostril, and vice versa while keeping your mouth closed.
  • Pranayama Breathing: Pranayama means “breath control” in the practice of yoga. Pranayama coincides with yogic movements and preserving life force
  • Pilates Breathing: Coincides with one’s Pilates practice. Each breath aligns with a posture and/or movement.
  • Holotropic Breathing: A breathing technique developed in the 1970s and used to achieve a therapeutic, altered state of consciousness. Also called pursed lip breathing with relaxation, is a simple breathing method that can help relieve shortness of breath. When you breathe in, slowly count to two. Then, purse your lips as if you were going to whistle and breathe out slowly for a count of four. Repeat this pattern until you feel your breathing return to normal.

Breathing Techniques: Frequently Asked Questions

What is the purpose of breathing exercises?

The exercise or breathing technique can help with a number of problems. They can help promote natural calm when experiencing stress, anger or anxiety as they help to stay composed.

Breathing exercises benefit concentration at work (focus breathing) or help fall asleep during moments of insomnia and restlessness.

How to practice deep breathing?

The best way to practice deep breaths is to simply take a pause for a short period of time and focus on breathing and only breathing. Close the eyes, relax the body, and take one deep breath in — from as low in the abdomen as possible.

Breathe this breath in slowly, letting the abdomen get bigger and bigger. One there is no more space for air, slowly begin releasing the air in an out breath. Repeat as needed.

Can anyone do these breathing techniques?

Anyone can use these techniques to reduce stress, help with anxiety, and sleep better. It is the best, safest, and most holistic technique for dealing with life’s stressors that is completely free of charge and accessible.

Do breathing exercises help to relieve anxiety?

Breathing techniques and exercises bring calm and help with anxiety by reverting the body to a state of relaxation. The best breathing exercises engage the diaphragm and focus on breaths that flow slow and steady.

How does diaphragmatic breathing reduce stress?

Diaphragmatic breathing reduces stress because it produces the opposite effect of “stressed breathing.” “Stressed breaths” or paradoxical breathing tends to be shallow, short, and fast.

This type of breathing only allows short bursts of oxygen to the body. Conversely, diaphragmatic breaths are deep, long, and slow. This allows more oxygen to flow throughout the body and slows the heart rate.

What breathing technique is best?

It all depends on the goal. There are dozens of different breathing techniques to select from and the best way to pick the right one is to speak to a trained practitioner. Beginners should aim to start with something simple and short, building up the practice length and complexity as they progress.  

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